Learning is an active, constructive process.
The learner is an information constructor.
New information is linked to prior knowledge.
Originators and contributors:
Learning as an experience, activity and dialogical process, Problem-based learning (PBL), Anchored instructions, Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), scaffolding, inquiry and discover learning.
A theory of knowledge that argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas. It is the interaction between human experiences and their reflexes or behaviour/patterns, known by Piaget as systems of knowledge schemata, whereby new knowledge is created through processes of accommodation and assimilation.
Bransford – Anchored instruction
Collins et al – Cognitive apprenticeship
Lave and Wenger – Communities of practice
Siemens, Downes – Connectivism
Bruner – Discovery learning
New London Group – Multiliteracies
de Saussure, Bathes, Bakhtin – Semiotics
Vygotsky – Social development theory
PBL – Problem-based learning
Lave – Situated learning